Karate Terminology

 

English

Japanese

Pronunciation

 

 

 

Stance

Tachikata

Tah-chee-kah-tah

natural stance

shizon-tai

she-zen-tie

forward stance

zenkutsu-dachi

zen-koo-tsue dah-chee

back stance

kokutsu-dachi

koe-koo-tsue dah-chee

straddle stance

kiba-dachi

key-bah dah-chee

 

 

 

Punching Techniques

Tsuki-Waza

Tsue-key Wah-zah

straight punch

choku-zuki

cho-koo zoo-key

reverse punch

gyaku-zuki

gyah-koo zoo-key

stepping punch

oi-zuki

oh-ee zoo-key

 

 

 

Striking Techniques

Uchi-Waza

Oo-chee Wah-zah

knife hand strike

shuto-uchi

shoe-toe oo-chee

ridge hand strike

haito-uchi

hi-toe oo-chee

elbow strike

empi-uchi

em-pee oo-chee

 

 

 

Kicking Techniques

Keri-Waza

Kay-rhee Wah-zah

front kick

mae-geri

mah-eh geh-rhee

front snap kick

mae-geri-keage

mah-eh geh-rhee kay-ah-geh

front thrust kick

mae-geri-kekomi

mah-eh geh-rhee kay-koh-me

side kick

yoko-geri

yoh-koh geh-rhee

side snap kick

yoko-geri-keage

yoh-koh geh-rhee kay-ah-geh

side thrust kick

yoko-geri-kekomi

yoh-koh geh-rhee kay-koh-me

back kick

ushiro-geri

oo-she-row geh-rhee

back snap kick

ushiro-geri-keage

oo-she-row geh-rhee kay-ah-geh

back thrust kick

ushiro-geri-kekomi

oo-she-row geh-rhee kay-koh-me

roundhouse kick

mawashi-geri

mah-wah-she geh-rhee

crescent kick

mikazuki-geri

me-kah-zoo-key geh-rhee

stamping kick

fumikomi

foo-me-koh-me

inside snapping kick

namigaeshi

nah-me-gah-eh-she

 

 

 

Blocking Techniques

Uke-Waza

Oo-kay Wah-zah

down block

gedan-barai

geh-dahn bah-rah-ee

forearm block

ude-uke

oo-day oo-kay

rising block

age-uke

ah-gay oo-kay

dropping block

otoshi-uke

oh-toh-she oo-kay

knife hand block

shuto-uke

shoe-to oo-kay

 

 

 

Form

Kata

Kah-tah

Heian #1

Heian shodan

hay-ee-ahn show-dahn

Heian #2

Heian nidan

hay-ee-ahn knee-dahn

Heian #3

Heian sandan

hay-ee-ahn sahn-dahn

Heian #4

Heian yandan

hay-ee-ahn yohn-dahn

Heian #5

Heian godan

hay-ee-ahn go-dahn

Tekki #1

Tekki shodan

tehk-key show-dahn

Tekki #2

Tekki Nidan

tehk-key knee-dahn

Tekki #3

Tekki Sandan

tehk-key sahn-dahn

 

 

 

Sparring

Kumite

Koo-me-tay

5 attack sparring

gohon kumite

go-hone koo-me-tay

3 attack sparring

sanban kumite

sahn-bahn koo-me-tay

1 attack sparring

ippon kumite

ee-pona koo-me-tay

semi-free sparring

jiyu ippon kumite

jee-you ee-pone koo-me-tay

free sparring

jiyu kumite

jee-you koo-me-tay

 

 

 

Numbers

 

 

one

ichi

ee-chee

two

ni

knee

three

san

sahn

four

shi

shee

five

go

go

six

roku

rokoo

seven

shichi

she-chee

eight

hachi

hah-chee

nine

ku

koo

ten

ju

jew

 

 

 

Others

 

 

high level, head area

jodan

joe-dahn

middle level, torso

chudan

chew-dahn

lower level, below belt

gedan

geh-dahn

ready

yoi

yoh-ee

begin

hajime

hah-jee-meh

finish

yame

yah-meh

kneel

seiza

say-zah

stand up

tatte

that-the

meditate

mokuso

moe-koo-so

bow

rei

ray

instructor

Sensei

Sen-say

senior

Senpai

Sen-pah-ee

junior

kohai

Koh-hah-ee

 

 


 

Terms

 

Dojo

training gym

Gi

uniform

Hidari

left

Migi

right

Kata

forms

Kihon

basics

Kumite

sparring

OS

term of respect, used with bow

Kiai

sound made when focusing the energy of the body both physically and mentally

Kime

focus physically and mentally the energy of the body